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Title118812445-AS-1170-1-2002
TagsCement Structural Load Mortar (Masonry) Brick
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Total Pages33
Table of Contents
                            AS/NZS 1170.1 Supp 1:2002 STRUCTURAL DESIGN ACTIONS-PERMANENT, IMPOSED AND OTHER ACTIONS-COMMENTARY (SUPPLEMENT TO...
	PREFACE
	CONTENTS
	SECTION C1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
		C1.1 SCOPE
		C1.2 APPLICATION
		C1.3 DETERMINATION OF DESIGN ACTIONS
		C1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
		C1.5 DEFINITIONS
		C1.6 NOTATION
	SECTION C2 PERMANENT ACTION
		C2.1 GENERAL
		C2.2 SELF-WEIGHT
		C2.3 PROVISION FOR PARTITIONS
		C2.4 REMOVABLE LOADS
	SECTION C3 IMPOSED ACTIONS
		C3.1 GENERAL
		C3.2 CONCENTRATED ACTIONS
		C3.3 PARTIAL LOADING
		C3.4 FLOORS
			C3.4.1 Imposed floor actions
			C3.4.2 Reduction of uniformly distributed imposed actions
		C3.5 IMPOSED ACTIONS ON ROOFS, AND SUPPORTING ELEMENTS
			C3.5.1 Roofs
			C3.5.2 Roof supporting trusses, ceilings, skylights and similar structures
		C3.6 BARRIERS
		C3.7 CRANES, HOISTS, LIFTS AND RECIPROCATING MACHINERY
			C3.7.1 General
			C3.7.2 Vertical actions
			C3.7.3 Horizontal actions on crane rails
		C3.8 CAR PARKS
		C3.9 GRANDSTANDS
	SECTION C4 LIQUID PRESSURE, GROUND WATER, RAINWATER PONDING, MOVEMENT EFFECTS AND EARTH PRESSURE
		C4.1 GENERAL
		C4.2 LIQUID PRESSURE
		C4.3 GROUND WATER
		C4.4 RAINWATER PONDING
		C4.5 EARTH PRESSURE
	APPENDIX CA - UNIT WEIGHT OF MATERIALS
	APPENDIX CB - OTHER IMPOSED ACTIONS
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

AS/NZS 1170.1 Supp 1:2002

AS/NZS 1170.1 Supplement 1:2002

Structural design actions—Permanent,
imposed and other actions—
Commentary
(Supplement to AS/NZS 1170.1:2002)

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AS/NZS 1170.1 Supp 1:2002
This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard supplement was prepared by Joint Technical
Committee BD-006, General Design Requirements and Loading on Structures. It was
approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 29 March 2002 and on behalf
of the Council of Standards New Zealand on 28 March 2002. It was published on
4 June 2002.

The following are represented on Committee BD-006:
Association of Consulting Engineers Australia
Australian Building Codes Board
Australian Institute of Steel Construction
Building Research Association of New Zealand
Cement and Concrete Association of Australia
CSIRO Building, Construction and Engineering
Cyclone Testing Station—James Cook University
Electricity Supply Association of Australia
Housing Industry Association
Institution of Engineers Australia
Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand
Master Builders Australia
New Zealand Heavy Engineering Research Association
Steel Reinforcement Institute of Australia
University of Newcastle
University of Auckland (New Zealand)
University of Canterbury (New Zealand)
University of Melbourne

Keeping Standards up-to-date
Standards are living documents which reflect progress in science, technology and
systems. To maintain their currency, all Standards are periodically reviewed, and
new editions are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued.
Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves
they are using a current Standard, which should include any amendments which
may have been published since the Standard was purchased.
Detailed information about joint Australian/New Zealand Standards can be found by
visiting the Standards Australia web site at www.standards.com.au or Standards
New Zealand web site at www.standards.co.nz and looking up the relevant Standard
in the on-line catalogue.
Alternatively, both organizations publish an annual printed Catalogue with full
details of all current Standards. For more frequent listings or notification of
revisions, amendments and withdrawals, Standards Australia and Standards New
Zealand offer a number of update options. For information about these services,
users should contact their respective national Standards organization.
We also welcome suggestions for improvement in our Standards, and especially
encourage readers to notify us immediately of any apparent inaccuracies or
ambiguities. Please address your comments to the Chief Executive of either
Standards Australia International or Standards New Zealand at the address shown
on the back cover.

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Page 16

AS/NZS 1170.1 Supp 1:2002

COPYRIGHT

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APPENDIX CA

UNIT WEIGHT OF MATERIALS

(Informative)

The unit weights given in the Standard have been expressed in the form of weights for ease
of calculation. Only the most frequently used materials are covered.

Further data is given in Tables CA1 and CA2. Table CA1 includes values of bulk densities
drawn from AS 2867—1986.

Tables CA2(A), CA2(B) and CA2(C) are drawn from ISO 9194. As the values given in
ISO 9194 are deterministic in nature and represent the range of national mean values
submitted for the drafting of that Standard, they do not necessarily reflect Australian and
New Zealand conditions. The densities are given in kg/m3 and the pressures in N/m2.

Where Tables CA2(A), CA2(B) and CA2(C) give only one density value for a material (or
soil), this means that the corresponding nominal values do not normally differ significantly
in different countries (up to ±5 percent) and the indicated mean value is the average of the
nominal values. The range of two values of densities given in the annexes for one material
indicates that the mean values of densities for different countries vary between the indicated
ones. The values for angles of repose are similarly expressed except that the ranges are of
the order of ±30 percent, therefore, values should be considered as approximations only.

TABLE CA1

BULK DENSITIES OF AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

Particulars of agricultural material
Minimum design bulk

density kg/m3

Grains
Barley 670
Oats 550
Rice 550
Wheat 850
Rye 700
Sorghum 730
Maize 800
Oil seeds
Safflower 550
Canola 750
Linseed 0
Cottonseed 400
Sunflower 400
Soy bean 800
Other field crops
Lima beans (dry) 700
Soy beans 750
Field peas 750
Peanuts (unshelled) 300
Maize cobs 450

(continued)

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Page 17

AS/NZS 1170.1 Supp 1:2002

COPYRIGHT

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Particulars of agricultural material
Minimum design bulk

density kg/m3

Hay—rectangular and big round bales 200
Silage (moisture content 70 percent wet basis):
Stored up to 2 m deep 550
Stored more than 2 m deep 650
Fruit and vegetables
Apples 600
Beans 400
Carrots 650
Cherries 800
Onions (dry) 750
Potatoes 650
Eggs in cases 200
Tobacco 550
Wool, shearing shed bales 300
Fertilizer (bulk), superphosphate 1200
Manure (faeces and urine mixed) 1000
Feeds
Lucern meal, dehydrated 350
Lucern pellets 700
Brewers grains, dried 250
Brewers grains, wet 1000
Bonemeal 850
Fish meal 550
Meat meal 600
Linseed oil meal 600
Soy bean oil meal 600
Salt 1150
Wheat, bran 250
Pelleted ration 600
Ground ration 550

TABLE CA1 (continued)

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Page 32

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ISBN 0 7337 4472 9 Printed in Australia

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