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TitleHow and Why Wonder Book of Ants and Bees
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Page 1

H O W

A N D

W H Y

a"«l Why Wonder

Page 26

NEST OF POTTER WASP

W A S P S

T h e H e l p f u l W a s p s

POTTER WASP CARRYING
>' MUD TO BUILDING JUG

What is a
fig wasp?

N e a r l y e v e r y b o d y l ikes fig b a r s . T h e r e

w o u l d n ' t b e a s ing le o n e

if it w e r e n ' t fo r t h e t i n y

fig w a s p . S h e w a n d e r s

a r o u n d o n t h e b l o s s o m of t h e fig,

s p r e a d i n g t h e p o l l e n a n d m a k i n g it pos -

s ib le fo r t h e f ru i t t o d e v e l o p . H e r y o u n g

h a t c h o u t a n d seek n e w b l o s s o m s . T h i s

v a l u a b l e i n s e c t w a s a c t u a l l y i m p o r t e d

i n t o C a l i f o r n i a fo r t h e p r o d u c t i o n of

S m y r n a figs.

u n s e e n . S o m e of t h e i r r e l a t i ve s , t h e

h o r n t a i l s a n d sawfl ies , a t t a c k t r e e s a n d

f ru i t , b u t a g r e a t m a n y of t h e t r u e w a s p s

a r e a s use fu l a s h o n e y b e e s .

T h e t o m a t o h o r n w o r m c a t e r p i l l a r is a

b a d g a r d e n pes t . I t

f e eds o n t h e l e a v e s

of t o m a t o v i n e s a n d

d a m a g e s t h e b l o s s o m s . A t i n y w a s p , t h e

How do wasps
help farmers?

T h e r e a r e a b o u t t e n t h o u s a n d k i n d s of

w a s p s . O n l y a

f e w o f t h e m

a r e s o c i a l .

M o s t of t h e m l ive t h e i r l ives q u i e t l y a n d

CATERPILLAR WASP
DRAGGING CATERPILLAR

How many kinds of
wasps are there?

BRACONID (ENLARG

HORNTAIL

ICHNEUMON FLY

b r a c o n i d , p o k e s h e r s h a r p a b d o m e n

i n t o t h e c a t e r p i l l a r s e v e r a l t imes . E a c h

t h r u s t m a y r e l e a s e a d o z e n eggs . T h e

y o u n g feed o n t h e p e s t , finally c o m i n g

o u t s i d e t o m a k e t h e i r l i t t le c o c o o n s .

T h e c a t e r p i l l a r s o o n d ies .

O t h e r b r a c o n i d w a s p s c a n p r o d u c e

a w h o l e f a m i l y w i t h j u s t o n e egg . T h i s

is d o n e w h e n a c e r t a i n w a s p finds t h e

At left, the nest of a mason
wasp; above, the insect itself.

Page 27

c a t e r p i l l a r of h a r m f u l f r u i t m o t h s o r

c o r n b o r e r s . A l t h o u g h s h e is t i ny , h e r

a m a z i n g e g g m a k e s u p f o r h e r l a c k of

size. A f t e r s h e l a y s i t , i t b e g i n s t o d i v i d e

i n t o m a n y l i t t l e c e l l - g r o u p s . E a c h g r o u p

p r o d u c e s a h u n g r y l a r v a . I t f e eds o n

t h e b o d y of t h e c a t e r p i l l a r . T h e n j u s t a s

t h e c a t e r p i l l a r d ies , t h e n e w b o r n w a s p s

fly a w a y .

HAWK WASP KILLING TARANTULA
A mud-dauber nest and wasps and two opened cells

CICADA-KILLER DRAGGING CICADA

w a s p dr i l l s u n t i l s h e c o m e s t o t h e t u n -

n e l of a w o o d b o r e r , t h e r e a l v i l l a in .

T h e w a s p ' s l a r v a , h a t c h i n g o u t , wi l l de-

s t r o y t h e w o o d b o r e r b e f o r e i t c a n k i l l

a n y m o r e t r ee s .

A s ing le e g g m a y p r o d u c e fifty o r

m o r e w a s p s . T h e n if e a c h w a s p p r o -

d u c e s fifty m o r e , t h e r e wil l b e t w e n t y -

five h u n d r e d w a s p s in a f ew w e e k s , a l l

l o o k i n g fo r f ru i t m o t h s .

A h u g e i c h n e u m o n w a s p g o e s flying

t h r o u g h t h e a i r . I t
Why d o some , .

. ... s t o p s a t a d y i n g
w a s p s drill r J f
into trees? m a P l e t r e e - S l o w l y lt

c r a w l s o v e r t h e b a r k ,

t a p p i n g w i t h i t s a n t e n n a e . F i n a l l y i t

s t ops a n d a r c h e s i t s b a c k . A l o n g t h r e a d -

l ike o r g a n , t h e ovipositor, g o e s t o w o r k .

S h a r p - p o i n t e d a n d s t r o n g , i t d r i l l s d e e p

i n t o t h e w o o d .

O f t e n p e o p l e ki l l t h i s w a s p w h e n

t h e y see it d r i l l i ng i n t o a t r e e . B u t t h i s

is j u s t w h a t s h o u l d n ' t b e d o n e . F o r t h e

S o m e w a s p s a r e e v e n h i t c h h i k e r s . O n e ,

k n o w n a s P h a n u r u s ,
W h a t w a s p is . , ,

I.* LL-I i r i d e s a r o u n d o n a
a hitchhiker?

m o t h l ike a m a n o n

a h o r s e . T h e n , w h e n t h e m o t h finally

l a y s i t s eggs , t h e l i t t l e h i t c h h i k e r g e t s

off. S h e l a y s h e r o w n e g g s o n t h e m o t h

eggs . B o t h m a y s t a r t t o d e v e l o p , b u t

i t is o n l y t h e l i t t l e w a s p s t h a t h a t c h o u t

a n d fly a w a y .

T h e B i b l e te l l s of p l a g u e s of l o c u s t s ,

w h i c h still b o t h e r p e o p l e i n m a n y p a r t s

of t h e w o r l d . W h e n t h e f e m a l e l o c u s t

l a y s h e r e g g s u n d e r g r o u n d , t h e Sce l io

w a s p w a i t s n e a r b y . A s fas t a s t h e l o c u s t

b u r i e s n e w eggs , t h e w a s p p o k e s h e r

o v i p o s i t o r d o w n i n t o t h e m a n d l a y s

e g g s of h e r o w n . T h e t w o m a y w o r k

s ide b y s ide — t h e l o c u s t l a y i n g e g g s

a n d t h e w a s p d e s t r o y i n g t h e m .

25

Page 51

K ' ^ i M ' x l
Bt > .V .A\ r'M

Page 52

H O W A N D WHY W O N D E R B O O K S

Produced and approved by noted authorities, these books
answer the questions most often asked about science, na-
ture and history. They are presented in a clear, readable
style, and contain many colorful and instructive illus-
trations. Readers will want to explore each of these
fascinating subjects and collect these volumes as an
authentic, ready-reference, basic library.

5001
5002
5003
5004
5005
5007
5008
5009
5010
5011
5012
5013
5014
5015
5016
5017
5018
5020
5021
5022
5023

5024
5025
5026

5027
5028
5029
5030
5031
5032
5033
5034

DINOSAURS
WEATHER
ELECTRICITY
ROCKS AND MINERALS
ROCKETS AND MISSILES
INSECTS
REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS
BIRDS
OUR EARTH
BEGINNING SCIENCE
MACHINES
THE HUMAN BODY
SEA SHELLS
ATOMIC ENERGY
THE MICROSCOPE
THE CIVIL WAR
MATHEMATICS
BALLET
CHEMISTRY
HORSES
EXPLORATIONS AND
DISCOVERIES
PRIMITIVE MAN
NORTH AMERICA
PLANETS AND
INTERPLANETARY TRAVEL
WILD ANIMALS
SOUND
LOST CITIES
ANTS AND BEES
WILD FLOWERS
DOGS
PREHISTORIC MAMMALS
SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS

5035
5036
5037
5039

5040
5041
5042

5043
5045
5046
5047
5049
5050
5051
5053
5054
5055
5056

5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063 5064
5065

5066
5067
5068
5069

WORLD WAR II
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS
ROBOTS AND
ELECTRONIC BRAINS
LIGHT AND COLOR
WINNING OF THE WEST
THE AMERICAN
REVOLUTION
CAVES TO SKYSCRAPERS
TIME
MAGNETS AND MAGNETISM
GUNS
FAMOUS SCIENTISTS
OLD TESTAMENT
BUILDING
TREES
OCEANOGRAPHY
NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS
MUSHROOMS, FERNS AND
MOSSES
THE POLAR REGIONS
COINS AND CURRENCY
BASIC INVENTIONS
THE FIRST WORLD WAR
ELECTRONICS
DESERTS
AIR AND WATER STARS
AIRPLANES AND THE STORY
OF FLIGHT
FISH
BOATS AND SHIPS
THE MOON
TRAINS AND RAILROADS

W O N D E R B O O K S
A Division of Grosset & Dunlap, Inc.

New York, IN. Y. 10010

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