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TitlePolity-VAN Parliament C S Govt-1
TagsMember Of Parliament Parliament Of The United Kingdom Constitutional Law Separation Of Powers Government Institutions
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Total Pages91
Document Text Contents
Page 2


Chapter 17: PARLIAMENT

Chapter Priority: High (Very Important)

Article 79 to 122 – Part V – deals with the organisation, composition, duration, officers,

procedures, powers and so on of the Parliament.

Parliament is the legislative organ of the Union government or supreme legislative body in


Article 79: There shall be a parliament which shall be consisting of President and two Houses.

Parliament of India consists of three parts:

1. President

2. Rajya Sabha (Council of States) – Upper House (Second Chamber or House of Elders)

3. Lok Sabha (House of the People) – Lower House (First Chamber or Popular House)

President as part of Parliament

 India's parliament is constituted on the basis of principle of "Bicameralism", so it has

two chambers. The two houses are Lok Sabha (LS) and Rajya Sabha (RS).

 In India, the Parliament comprises President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha but the

President is NOT a part of the legislature.

Page 45


positive or negative) on the bill is known as the Pocket Veto. The President can exercise this veto

power as the Constitution does not prescribe any time-limit within which he has to take the

decision with respect to a bill presented to him for his assent. In USA, on the other hand, the

president has to return the bill for reconsideration within 10 days. Hence, it is remarked that the

pocket of the Indian President is bigger than that of the American President.

In 1986, President Zail Singh exercised the pocket veto with respect to Indian Post Office

(Amendment) Bill. The bill, passed by the Rajiv Gandhi Government, imposed restriction on the

freedom of press.


It should be noted here that the President has no veto power in respect of a Constitutional

Amendment Bill. The 24th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1971 made it obligatory for the

President to give his assent to a constitutional amendment bill.

Presidential Veto over State Legislation

The President has veto power with respect to state legislation also. A bill passed by a state

legislature can become an act only if it receives the assent of the governor or the President (in

case the bill is reserved for the consideration of the President).

When a bill, passed by a state legislature, is presented to the governor for his assent, he has four

alternatives (under Article 200 of the Constitution):

1. He may give his assent to the bill, or

2. He may withhold his assent to the bill, or

3. He may return the bill (if it is not a money bill) for reconsideration of the state

legislature, or

4. He may reserve the bill for the consideration of the President.

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